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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Contributions must be in English and should have not been submitted for publication elsewhere. All submitted papers will be reviewed by at least two referees selected by the editorial board. 

The manuscript should be word-processed based on this template. The corresponding author should be identified by an asterisk (*) and his/her email address given. Full postal addresses (Barangay, City/Municipality, State/Province, Country) and affiliations must be given for all co−authors.  The text must be concise, brief and complete. Nomenclature should conform to IUPAC rules. SI Unit should be used. 

Abstract. An abstract of not more than 200 words is required. It should state the objective of the study with an emphasis on new information and significant results.

Keywords. A maximum of six (6) keywords characterizing the scope of the paper should be provided.

Sections. Section and subsection headers are in line with the text (Level 2 onwards) and formatted as follows (refer to the template for example):

LEVEL 1 (ALL CAPS, Boldface)

Level 2. (Boldface, italicized)

Level 3. (Italicized)

Level 4. (Underlined)

Tables. Tables should be embedded at an appropriate point within the text. They should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numbers in the order in which they are referred to. Footnotes should be typed below the table.

Figures. Charts, diagrams, schemes and photographs are all to be referred to as Figures, and should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are referred to. They should be embedded at an appropriate point within the text, with captions placed immediately below the figure. Illustrations made outside Microsoft Office should also be embedded within the text but must also to be submitted as separate files immediately upon acceptance in any of the following file formats: JPG, TIFF, WMF, EMF. Text in these illustrations should be in the Garamond typeface.

References. Cite references in the text by the first author's last name followed by the year of publication enclosed in parentheses, i.e. …is modified to account for the effect of temperature (Atkins, 2006). For two authors use "and": (Atkins and de Paula, 2006). For more than two authors use "et al.": (Atkins et al., 2006). Separate references with a semicolon when citing multiple references together, i.e. …have been immobilized through its functional groups (Kumar et al., 2012; Sahoo et al., 2012). Include the first word of the title (excluding articles and prepositions) after the author if more than one work of the author is cited or if two or more first authors share the same last name: (Lu, Tuning, 2008).

The full reference should be given in an alphabetical list at the end of the paper. References should be given in the NLM style ( Use the following examples for guidance:

Journal article: Haas AN, de Castro GD, Moreno T, Susin C, Albandar JM, Oppermann RV, et al. Azithromycin as a adjunctive treatment of aggressive periodontitis: 12-months randomized clinical trial. J Clin Periodontol. 2008 Aug; 35(8):696-704.

Book: Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Jameson JL, et al., editors. Harrison’s principles of internal medicine. 17th ed. New York: McGraw Hill; 2008.

Chapter in a Book: Alexander RG. Considerations in creating a beautiful smile. In: Romano R, editor. The art of the smile. London: Quintessence Publishing; 2005. p. 187-210.

Thesis: Kempner JL. Aching heads, making medicine: gender and legitimacy in headache [dissertation]. [Philadelphia]: University of Philadelphia; 2004. 271 p.

Patents: Myers K, Nguyen C, inventors; 3F Therapeutics, Inc., assignee. Prosthetic heart valve. United States patent US 6,911,043. 2005 Jun 28.

Conference/Proceedings: Pacak K, Aguilera G, Sabban E, Kvetnansky R, editors. Stress: current neuroendocrine and genetic approaches. 8th Symposium on Catecholamines and Other Neurotransmitters in Stress; 2003 Jun 28 - Jul 3; Smolenice Castle, Slovakia. New York: New York Academy of Sciences; 2004 Jun. 590 p.

Notes: List all authors in each reference. For references with more than six (6) authors, give the first six authors followed by “et al.” Use only the abbreviation for journal names; journal abbreviations are available at the PubMed Journals Database (

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